Like the martyrdom of the Apostles Peter & Paul: Apostles, Saints, and Martyrs for the Christian Faith, a great number of Christians perished at the hands of the Roman Emperor Nero during the terrible persecution that lasted from 64-68 A.D. This was the first of many major persecutions of the newly-founded Church at Rome.
These holy men and women who first died for the Gospel of Jesus Christ are also called the “Protomartyrs of Rome.” The historian Tacitus, in his recording of this event, said that a “great multitude” of Christians were put to death. Their collective feast day is celebrated on June 30th, the day following that of Sts. Peter and Paul.
The Christian persecution began in the summer of 64 A.D., when a great fire blazed throughout Rome and destroyed much of the city. The insane tyrant Nero was blamed by the citizenry for lighting the fire in order to satisfy his own twisted amusement. To shift the blame from himself, Nero accused the Christians (who were already widely disliked) as the perpetrators.
Some martyrs were burned as living torches in the Emperor’s gardens; some were crucified; others were fed to wild animals. These martyrs died even before Sts. Peter and Paul, and therefore it is said of them that they are the “disciples of the Apostles . . . whom the Holy Roman church sent to their Lord before the Apostles’ death.”
The historian Tacitus describes the brutality suffered by these first Christian martyrs as a result of this accusation:
“Yet no human effort, no princely largess nor offerings to the gods could make that infamous rumor disappear that Nero had somehow ordered the ﬁre. Therefore, in order to abolish that rumor, Nero falsely accused and executed with the most exquisite punishments those people called Christians, who were infamous for their abominations . . . Therefore, ﬁrst those were seized who admitted their faith, and then, using the information they provided, a vast multitude were convicted, . . . And perishing they were additionally made into sports: they were killed by dogs by having the hides of beasts attached to them, or they were nailed to crosses or set aﬂame, and, when the daylight passed away, they were used as nighttime lamps.” Tacitus (c. 55 -117 CE)
It was a terrible time of suffering, yet also a time that purified and strengthened the Church through the power of the Holy Spirit.
God used the sacrifice of these holy men and women, who suffered like their savior Jesus Christ, to lay the indestructible foundation of His Church; Christ promised that the gates of hell would never prevail against it.
People of all backgrounds, from all countries, from all stations of life, rich and poor alike, were willing to die gruesome deaths for the sake of their Divine Savior, Jesus Christ. The brave and holy manner in which the martyrs faced their tormentors became an inspiration for many witnesses.
Many people became Christians after watching so many men and women lay down their lives (often willingly) to be murdered in the most atrocious and diabolical manner. They reasoned that anyone willing to suffer such a brutal fate rather than denounce Jesus Christ must be dying for Eternal Truth. Thus, instead of weakening the Church, these persecutions only caused it to strengthen and spread exponentially.
These were the ones who showed all future generations of Christians how to suffer well and die a holy death for the name of Christ.
On this feast day of the First Martyrs of the Church at Rome, let us remember that no matter what our trials—especially persecutions for our Christian faith—when united to Christ, these sufferings will always be used by God to build up the Church and bring salvation to the world.
DIVINE OFFICE PRAYER
O God, who consecrated the abundant first fruits of the Roman Church by the blood of the Martyrs, grant, we pray, that with firm courage we may together draw strength from so great a struggle and ever rejoice at the triumph of faithful love. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.
This article has been updated and was originally published in June 2012. © The Catholic Company