Atheists and non-Christians argue that there’s no proof that Jesus physically rose from the dead. Some non-believers argue that Christians can believe that Jesus’s spirit rose from the dead, but there is no possible way Jesus’s body was once dead and then came back to life.
In his book Counterfeit Christs: Finding the Real Jesus Among the Imposters, Catholic Answers apologist Trent Horn calls this false view of Christ’s resurrection the “Rotting Corpse.”
Trent Horn first shows how we know first through Scripture that Christ rose from the dead. In Romans 1:4 and 1 Corinthians 15:12-14, St. Paul asserts that Christ physically rose from the dead and that God will raise us from death as well. Christians can be assured that Scripture explicitly claims that Christ rose from the dead.
Additionally, Horn points out how it was women who discovered the empty tomb. If this discovery was just something the Gospel writers made up, they would have had someone who would be considered more reliable in their time and culture, like Roman or Jewish officials or one of the male apostles, to discover the tomb.
The Apostles also could not have been hallucinating. If they were imagining Christ’s appearances, all of the apostles would have had to hallucinate the same thing, which is nearly impossible! There are no other examples in the ancient Greco-Roman world or Jewish teaching that feature someone dying, going to the afterlife, then returning to earth with a physical body. If Jesus’s resurrection were a hallucination, then the apostles would have imagined something familiar to them, but Christ’s defeat over death was unprecedented.
For more refutations of false claims about Christ’s Resurrection, check out Trent Horn’s Counterfeit Christs, sold here.